Updated: May 7, 2020
Milia happens to be one of the most common skincare conditions I treat as an aesthetic practitioner. In this blog post I explain what these cysts are are, the causes and ways in which you treat and prevent the appearance of milia.
What is milia?
White spots or ‘milia’ are small bumpy cysts, that can appear anywhere on the face and body but the most common areas are the eyes, nose and mouth. Milia is extremely common amongst babies, young children and adults and are a harmless build-up of dead skin cells (keratin). Often, these spots are impossible to extract without potential scarring and torturing discomfort. Milia can remain for weeks and sometimes months, before they eventually break down naturally.
What causes milia?
Milia can occur from a result of many factors – repetitive exposure to UVA and UVB rays, general dehydration and the use of steroid cream on the skin can all lead to the form of milk spots. Sunburn, blistering of the skin and even irritation towards harsh products can also be a cause, as well as repetitive use of thick moisturisers (this includes eye creams) as a result of slowing down the skin’s natural exfoliation process.
How to treat milia
Advanced Electroylsis (or ‘Diathermy’)
Advanced Electroylsis is a safe and effective way to remove milia when they occur. The treatment is affordable, simple, and there is a much lower risk of scarring following treatment – it involves using a needle as fine as a strand of hair, and heat to effectively disperse the dome. Results can be instant and healing takes a matter of days.
A deep, effective chemical peel is an excellent way to not only improve skin dullness and dehydration, but slough off deep rooted congestion like blackheads and, you guessed it, milia.
If you are dubious about having a skin treatment to treat the milia when they arrive, commit to a prevention routine at home.
How to prevent milia
Unfortunately there is no method that prevents the production of milia indefinitely, especially if you are prone to them. However, if you follow these steps below you will notice a significant reduction in these problem spots occurring in the first place.
Switch to serums
By using lighter formulas, there will be a noticeable reduction in the amount of dead skin cells building on the surface.
Choose skincare products with Vitamin A
Vitamin A (also known as retinol) is the perfect ingredient to add to your routine if you are prone to general congestion and milia. Retinol speeds up the skin’s exfoliation process, leading to a significant decrease in not only milia, but fine lines and wrinkles, blackheads, pores and flaky bits.
Protect your skin
The better protected your skin is, the smaller the chance of UV damage occurring. Using an SPF daily (and teamed with an antioxidant for best results) will strengthen and boost your skin health, reducing the chances of new milia forming.
So there you have it – if you suffer with milia, then there are always steps in which you can take to treat them when they get there. Have you got any skin issues you are struggling to tackle with? Connect with me through email or social media and I would be happy to provide you with some advice.